Plumbing pipes are used in various ways, from supplying water to your kitchen faucet to transporting excess water to your sewage system. These types of drainage and distribution systems have existed for a long time. The Greeks, interestingly, employed clay pipes to convey water to dwellings and public structures. However, cast iron, terra-cotta, copper, and galvanized steel were more popular in the early twentieth century.
Pipes that carry water in a house are made from various materials. Choosing the most suitable type of pipe for your home may be confusing. So here is the list of different kinds of pipes in the market, including their pros and cons.
1. PVC pipes
Plastic pipes or Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) are widely applicable in residential and commercial constructions. PVC pipes are adaptable and may be utilized inside, outdoors, and underground. These pipes may be used to transport water to buildings or fixtures and drain and vent plumbing. PVC pipelines are typically utilized as a part of a toilet, sink, or shower drain line. Plastic is usually affordable and an easy-to-use material to produce pipes. Generally, plastic pipes are also used to carry water efficiently to plastic taps in many households.
- Protects the water from rust and corrosion
- Durable and long-lasting
- Can handle high water pressure
- Lightweight material
- More resistant to blockages
- Smooth flow of water
- Limited size options
- Inability to withstand hot water
- It may introduce polyvinyl chloride compounds into drinking water, potentially causing respiratory and reproductive problems.
2. PEX Pipes
PEX pipe, also known as cross-linked polyethene piping, is an affordable plastic water pipe often used in water supply systems. These tubes are usually in 1/2-inch and 3/4-inch sizes and are simple to cut and assemble. Furthermore, these pipes are generally color-coded red for cold and hot water.
- Prevents rust and corrosion from entering the water
- Flexible and easy to weave through spaces
- Color-coded for different temperatures of water
- Easy to install
- Not suitable for outside use
3. Galvanized Steel Pipe and cast iron
Galvanized steel is a robust, corrosion-resistant steel piping that has been used for decades for drainage, water delivery, gas supply, and various other applications. While galvanized steel pipe is still used (especially for the transportation of gas), it is significantly less prevalent. It is not utilized for water supply in new construction or remodel projects.
Cast iron pipe is a solid, dark grey material commonly used for sewage and drainage applications. Many residents still use it, particularly in commercial and high-rise construction applications.
- Heat-resistant and reduces the sound of running water
- Gets rusted and corroded easily
4. Copper pipes
A copper pipe is one of the most common and standard types in plumbing systems. This plumbing pipe has a life of up to 50 years. These kinds of pipes are commonly used in households or commercial locations as, unlike other pipe materials, it is safer to use and transport.
- Capable of withstanding high water pressure
- Tolerance for both hot and cold water temperatures
- Environmental friendly as it can be recyclable.
- Needs to be welded together.
- Hard to use in tight spaces.
5. ABS pipe
ABS or Acrylonitrile butadiene styrene pipes are identical to PVC pipes in nature but may be distinguished by their black appearance. Additionally, these pipes are also resistant to freezing temperatures. ABS pipes are lightweight and may be used both indoors and outdoors.
- Strong and relatively durable
- Easy to install
- Can withstand cold temperatures
- Contains BPA, which can cause tumors
- Exposure to sunlight can warp and degrade it
There are several factors to consider before choosing the correct pipe for your home, such as the pipes’ cost, durability, quality, etc. However, the most significant variables to consider include the budget and the purpose of piping. All the types of pipes mentioned above are suitable for different purposes; thus, you should consider this before purchasing the ideal pipes for your home.